The Gujarātī script was adapted from
the Devanāgarī script to write the Gujarātī language. The earliest known
document in the Gujarātī script is a
manuscript dating from 1592, and the script first appeared in print in a
1797 advertisement. Until the 19th century it was used mainly for writing
letters and keeping accounts, while the Devanāgarī
script was used for literature and academic writings.
script is also known as the śarāphi (banker's), vāṇiāśāi (merchant's) or mahājani (trader's) script.
Gujarātī is a syllabic alphabet in that
consonants all have an inherent vowel.
can be written as independent letters, or by using a variety of
diacritical marks which are written above, below, before or after the
consonant they belong to.
Used to write:
Gujarātī, an Indo-Aryan language spoken
by about 46 million people in the Indian states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh,
and also in Bangladesh, Fiji, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritius, Oman, Pakistan, Réunion, Singapore, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda,
United Kingdom, USA, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Kachchi, an Indo-Aryan language with about 866,000 speakers in the Indian
states of Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Orissa,
and also in Kenya, Malawi, Pakistan and Tanzania.
When combined with ja and ra, some of the vowel diacritics
have special forms.
Sample text in Gujarati
Pratiṣṭhā anē adikhārōnī
sarvē mānavō janmathī svatantra anē samān hōy
chē. Tēmanāmāṁ vicārśakti anē
antaḥkaraṇ hōy chē
anē tēmaṇē paraspar bandhutvanī vartavuṁ jōiē.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are
endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a
spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Thanks to Arvind Iyengar for providing
the sample text.